CITI Working Papers
are free to CITI affiliates.
* Designates a special report.
441. Kavanaugh, Andrea. Telecommunications in Algeria, Morocco, and Tunisia. 1993.
530. Noam, Eli M. and Richard Kramer. Telecommunications Strategy in Developed World: Hundred Flowers or Old Wine in New Bottles. 1993.
571. Noam, Eli M. and John T. Wenders. Economic Theories of Regulation in Telecommunications. 1993.
577. Noam, Eli M. Assessing the Impacts of Divestiture and Deregualtion in Telecommunications. 1993.
586. McLean, Richard P. and William Sharkey. An Approach to the Pricing of Broadband Telecommunications Services. 1993.
587. Kraushaar, Jonathan M. Quality of Service for the Local Operating Companies Aggregated to the Holding Company Level. 1993.
588. Berg, Sanford. A New Index of Telephone Service Quality: Academic and Regulatory Review. 1993.
589. Stolleman, Neal C. Dynamic Effects of Price Cap and Rates of Return Regulation on Exchange Carrier Incentives. 1993.
590. Lawton, Raymond W. Network Utilization Principles and Pricing Strategies for Network Reliability. 1993.
591. Tomlinson, Richard G. The Impact of Local Competition on Network Quality. 1993.
592. Wohlstetter, John C. Gigabits, Gateways and Gatekeepers: Reliability, Technology and Policy. 1993.
595. Noam, Eli M. The Impending Doom of Common Carriage. 1993.
597. Egan, Bruce L. European Telecoms: A Market Assessment. 1993. (special report)
598. Allotey, Francis K.A. and Felix K. Akorli. Telecommunication in Ghana. 1993.
599. Jacobs, Lawrence R. and Robert Y. Shapiro. Leadership in a Liberal Democracy: Johnsonžs Private Polls and Public Announcements. 1993.
600. Gabel, David and Joan Nix. AT&T's Strategic Response to Competition: Why Not Preempt Entry? 1993.
601. Awerbuch, Shimon. Measuring the Costs and Benefits of New Technology: A Framework for Photovoltaics. 1993.
602. Awerbuch, Shimon. The Surprising Role of Risk in Utility Integrated Resource Planning. 1993.
603. Noam, Eli M. Thinking About a Wireless Future: The Social Implications of Mobile Communications. 1993.
604. Elton, Martin C. J. The US Debate on Integrated Broadband Networks. 1993.
609. Botein, Michael. Regulation of the Electronic Mass Media. 1993.
611. Gabel, David and Joan Nix. Regulatory Assessment of Investments in Telephone and Electric Utilities.
612. Gabel, David and Mark Kennet. Pricing of Telecommunication Services. 1993.
613. Gabel, David and Mark Kennet. Estimating the Cost Structure of the Local Telephone Exchange Network. 1993.
614. Gabel, David and Mark Kennet. Using Process Data to Estimate Changes in the Cost Structure of an Industry: A Case Study of the Telephone Industry. 1993.
615. Gabel, David and Mark Kennet. Economies of Scope in the Local Telephone Market.
616. Gabel, David. Productivity Trends in Telecommunications: Comment on Kwoka. 1993.
617. Gabel, David. Regulation of the Telephone Industry. 1993.
618. Gabel, David. An Application of Stand-Alone Costs to the Telecommunications Industry. 1993.
619. Gabel, David. Deregulation: Should the Local Telephone Market be Next? 1993.
620. Gabel, David. Rejoinder. 1993.
v621. Gabel, David. Competition in a Network Industry: The Telephone Industry, 1894-1910. 1993.
622. Gabel, David. AT&T's Transition to Automatic Switching: Market Versus Institutional Influences.
623. Gans, Herbert J. Hollywood Entertainment: Commerce or Ideology? 1993.
625. Chapman, John H., North American Telecommunications In A Global Environment. 1993.
626. Hazlett, Thomas W. The Cost of Rent-Seeking: Evidence from the Cellular Telephone License Lotteries. 1993.
627. Hazlett, Thomas W. Cable Television Reregulation: The Episodes You Didn't See on C-Span. 1993.
628. NíShúilleabháin, Áine. IN Evolutionary Models & Market Paths: RBOCs, IXCs, TOs, Global Carriers. 1993.
629. Lemus, Rafael. Telecommunications in Central America II. 1993.
634. Raji, T.I., R. Salawu Ogbomoso, and G.O. Ajayi. After a Century of Telecommunications Development in Nigeria, What Next? 1993.
635. Dierks, Klaus. Telecommunications in Namibia. 1993.
636. Beyazit, H.R. and Tolga Vural. Telecommunications in Syria. 1993.
637. Koenig, Michael. The Perception of Technological Gap and Technological Lag. 1993.
638. Koenig, Michael. Entering Stage III - The Convergence of the Stage Hypotheses. 1993.
639. Koenig, Michael. The Importance of Information Services for Productivity--Underrecognized and Underinvested. 1993.
640. Koenig, Michael. The Information Environment and the Productivity of Research. 1993.
641. Noam, Eli M. Overcoming the Last Communications Bottleneck. 1993.
642. Noam, Eli M. Reconnecting Communications Studies with Communications Policy. 1993.
643. Noam, Eli M. Technological Transformation and Innovation: The Development of the New Communications Order. 1993.
646. Noam, Eli M. Privacy in Telecommunications: Markets, Rights and Regulation. 1993.
648. Awerbuch, Shimon. NetTrans Accounts: Reforming the Financial Support System for Universal Service in Telecommunications. 1993.
649. Neuman, W. Russell. Megamedia: The Growth of International Media Conglomerates. 1993.
650. Aronson, Jonathan. The Evolution of Global Networks: The Precarious Balance between Governments and Markets.
651. Bernard, Keith and Jonathan Solomon. Global Telecommunications Services: The Regulatory Change. 1993.
652. Kurisaki, Yoshiko. Challenge to Globalization: Toward a New Framework of Telecommunications Policy. 1993.
653. de Fontenay, Alain. Economics of Scope and Scale in Global Networks. 1993.
654. NíShúilleabháin, Áine & Richard Kramer. Investment and Structural Trends in Multinational Services. 1993.
655. Antonelli, Christiano. Learning Alliances and Multinational Growth in Telecommunications Service. 1993.
656. Staple, Gregory. Telegeography and the Explosion of Place: Why the Network Which is Bringing the World Together is Also Pulling it Apart. 1993.
670. Mitchell, Bridger M. Interconnection and Interconnection Pricing in Local Telephone Markets. 1993.
671. Gabel, David and David F. Weiman. Historical Perspectives on Interconnection between Competing Local Exchange. 1993.
672. Shepherd, William G. Creating Effective Competition: What has Worked, What Hasn't. 1993.
673. Mueller, Milton. On the Frontier of Deregulation: New Zealand Telecommunications and the Problem of Interconnecting Competing Networks. 1993.
674. Rosston, Gregory L. and David J. Teece. Competition and "Local" Communications: Innovation, Entry and Integration. 1993.
677. Reed, David P. Standardization Issues on Local Competition. 1993.
678. Antonelli, Cristiano. Technological Change and Multinational Growth in the International Telecommunications Services Economics. 1993.
679. Haring, John. Can Local Telecommunications Be Self-Policing - A Proposed Discovery Procedure. 1993.
684. Blachford, Erik. Interactive Television as a Database Marketing Medium. 1993.
688. Noll, A. Michael. A Study of Long-Distance Rates: Divestiture Revisited. 1993.
693. Cawley, Richard A. The Rise of Globalism in Communications. 1993.
703. Noam, Eli M. Can Markets Generate Privacy in Telecommunications? 1993.
704. Noam, Eli M. Social Implications of Advanced Communications. 1993.
705. Noam, Eli M. Liberalization of Telecommunications in the US, Europe and Japan. 1993.
347. Noam, Eli M. State Regulation and Upgrading to ISDN. 1992.
393. Egan, Bruce L. Bringing Advanced Telecommunications to Rural America: The Cost of Technology Adoption. 1992.
440. Noam, Eli M. After Technologies of Freedom, What? 1992.
450. Gabel, David and Joan Nix. Investments in Regulated Utilities: Shareholder versus Customer Risk. 1992.
466. Kramer, Richard A. Divisions in European Telecommunications: EC Auhtority and the Illusion of Competition. 1992.
469. Egan, Bruce L. Benefits and Costs of Public Information Networks: The Case For Narrowband ISDN. 1992.
470. Noam, Eli M. Network Environments of the Future: Reconciling Free Speech and Freedom of Association. 1992.
472. Luhanga, M.L. Telecommunications in Tanzania. 1992.
473. Kone, Hughes Telecommunications in the Ivory Coast. 1992.
474. Noam, Eli M. Deregulation and the Communications Act of 1934. 1992.
475. Noam, Eli M. The Federal/State Friction Built into the 1934 Act and Options for Reform. 1992.
476. Noam, Eli M. The Superstructure of Infrastructure: Thinking About the Future Without a Public Network, or Principles for the Communications Network Act of 2034. 1992.
477. Noam, Eli M. Evolution in U.S. Telecommunications Policy. 1992.
478. Conn, Douglas A. Telecommunications Equipment Trade Between Japan and the United States: The Cases of Satellites and Cellular Telephony. 1992.
479. Altes, Willem F, Korthals. European Law: A Case Study of Changes in National Broadcasting. 1992.
480. Langevin, Catherine. Analyzing the Colorization Debate. 1992.
481. Hazlett, Thomas W. Telco Entry into Video. 1992.
482. Kramer, Richard. Visions in EuropeanCommuncations: EC Authority and Illusion of Competition. 1992.
483. Kramer, Richard. Pieces of the Puzzles: Rethinking Volume Added Services. 1992.
484. Chapman, John H. Brief Amicus Curiae of Computer & Communications Industry Association. 1992.
485. Koenig, Michael E.D. Information Technology and the Corporation - The Bubble Pricked? A Time of Questioning. 1992.
486. NíShúilleabháin, Áine. Strategic Response by Public Network Operators to Private Networking in Europe. 1992.
487. Kramer, Richard A. The Viability of Policy Separation of Liberalized Value Added Services From Monopoly Infrastructure. 1992.
488. Kahin, Brian and Bruce McConnell. Toward a Public Metanetwork: Interconnection, Leveraging, and Privatization of Government-Funded Networks in the United States. 1992.
489. Greenstein, Shane. Invisible Hands Versus Invisible Advisors: Coordination Mechanisms in Economic Networks. 1992.
490. Hayashi, Koichiro. Strategic Response by Public Networks to Private Networks in Japan. 1992.
491. Emmerson, Richard. Implications of Private Network Development for Revenue Streams, Costs and Profitability of Public Networks. 1992.
492. Oniki, Hajime. Efficiency and Productivity of Public and Private Networks of NTT. 1992.
493. Braman, Sandra. The Filiere Electronique and Civil Society. 1992.
494. Lehr, William. Network Quality Choices in a Network of Networks. 1992.
495. Woroch, Glenn. Models of Interconnection. 1992.
496. Teske, Paul. When the Public Goes Private. 1992.
497. Rutkowski, A.M. A Taxonomy of Networks: Is It Public or Not? 1992.
498. Reed, David P. Taking It All Apart: Principles of Network Modularity. 1992.
499. Economides, Nicholas. Network Externalities and Invitations to Enter. 1992.
500. Noam, Eli M. Why Networks Change: A Theory of Network Evolution. 1992.
501. Mueller, Milton. Quantifying Private Networking: Definition and Measurement Problems. 1992.
502. Meyerson, Michael I. Network Constitutions. 1992.
503. McGarty, Terrence P. and Sara J. Information Architectures and Infrastructures Value Creation and Transfer. 1992.
504. Levine, Henry D. R.I.P. O.N.A. 1992.
505. Lehman, Dale E. & Weisman, Dennis L. Access Charges for Private Networks Interconnecting with Public Systems. 1992.
506. Cleevly, David. Private Networks in Europe. 1992.
507. Hammond, Allen S. Access to Private Networks, Closer User Groups and Public Networks In a Broadband Network Environment. 1992.
508. Greenwald, Bruce. Viability and Efficiency of Network Competition. 1992.
510. Frederick, Scott. Defining the Network Environment: A Taxonomy of Networks. 1992.
511. Economides, Nicholas and Steven C. Salop. Competition and Integration Among Complements, and Network Market Structure. 1992.
512. Maher, William and Cynthia Nila. Toward a New Definition of Infrastructure. 1992.
513. Drake, William. Global Private Networks and International Public Institutions. 1992.
514. NíShúilleabháin, Áine and Eli M. Noam. From Private to the Personal Network. 1992.
515. Mansell, Robin. Public Access, Private Networks and Closed Membership: Electronic Networked Markets. 1992.
516. Einhorn, Michael. Alternative Mechanisms to Subsidize Universal Service Provision. 1992.
517. Noll, Michael. Network Security and Reliability. 1992.
518. Samarajiva, Rohan. Privacy and Security in the Decentralized Network. 1992.
519. Rotenberg, Marc. Privacy and Security in the Decentralized Network. 1992.
520. Mueller, Milton. The Present Extent of Private Networking in the U.S. 1992.
521. Wildman, Steve. Information Technology, Productivity, and Trade Implications. 1992.
522. Ergas, Henry. Private Networking: The Effect on International Settlements Arrangements and on Global Trade. 1992.
523. Noam, Eli M. Systems Integrators in the Future Network Environment. 1992.
524. Woroch, Glenn. Principles of Pricing by Private Networks to Their Users. 1992.
525. Smart, Susan. User Demand and Non-Price Benefits of Private Networks. 1992.
526. Weiss, Martin. Standards and Technical Fragmentation in the Network of Networks: Inter- national and Inter-network. 1992.
527. Barr, William and Alain de Fontenay. The Interconnectivity of Software and Network Management Functions of Multiple Networks. 1992.
528. Hazlett, Thomas. Private and Public Networks, and Freedom of Speech. 1992.
529. Kasdan, John. Fascinating Algorithm: The Patent Offices View of Software Patents. 1992.
531. Noam, Eli M. Towards the Pluralistic Network of the Future. 1992.
532. Alejandra Herrera. Telecommunications in Argentina. 1992.
536. Fallas-Santana, Agustin. Telecommunications in Central America. 1992.
542. Horwitz, Robert. South African Telecommunications: History and Prospects. 1992.
543. Kaplan, David. Out of South Africa: Some Recent Developments in the South African Telecommunications Equipment Industry. 1992.
544. Rachty, Gehan. Telecommunications in Egypt. 1992.
545. Tsige, Abii. Telecommunications in Ethiopia. 1992.
546. Tyler, Michael, Janice Hughes, and Helena Renfrew. Telecommunications in Kenya. 1992.
547. Kabayiza, Alphonse. Telecommunications in Rwanda. 1992.
548. Ganywa, E. Bisimwa. Telecommunications in Zaire. 1992.
549. Looney, R. Telecommunications in Bahrain. 1992.
550. Mody, B. Telecommunications in India. 1992.
551. Mowlana, H. Telecommunications in Iran. 1992.
552. Eres, B.K., Hai, S. and Rosenne, D. Telecommunications in Israel. 1992.
553. Ali, Imran. Telecommunications in Pakistan. 1992.
554. Kayal, A.D. Telecommunications in Saudi Arabia. 1992.
555a. Samarajiva, R. Telecommunications in Sri Lanka. 1992.
555b. Sy, H. Telecommunications in Senegal. 1992.
556a. Chowdary, T.H. Telecommunications in Yemen. 1992.
556b. Kavanaugh, A. Telecommunications in Tunisia. 1992.
557. Gabel, David. The Cost of Competition in the Telephone Industry. 1992.
558. Edited Remarks of Speakers: Digital Audio Broadcasting (DAB): Implications for the Future of Radio Broadcasting. 1992.
559. NíShúilleabháin, Áine and Richard Kramer. To Strategies and the Emergence of a Global Oligopoly. 1992.
560. Jacobs, Lawrence R. and Robert Y. Shapiro. Democracy, Leadership, and the Private Polls of Presidents Kennedy and Johnson: Beginning during the Kennedy Campaign. 1992.
561. Shapiro, Robert Y. and Benjamin I. Page. Foreign Policy and Public Opinion in a Transformed World. 1992.
562. Mueller, Milton. Creating Telecommunications Free Trade Zone in Greater China. 1992.
563. Lehr, William. Voluntary Standards, Multiple Markets, Standards Institutions and Industry Structure. 1992.
564. Lehr, William. Compatibility Standards and Industry Competition: Two Case Studies. 1992.
565. NíShúilleabháin, Áine. The Future European Network Environment: Technological Choices and TO.
566. Economides, Nicholas, Asim Ansari, and Avijt Ghost. Competitive Positioning with Non-uniform Preferences. 1992.
567. Economides, Nicholas and Glenn Woroch. Benefits and Pitfalls of Network Interconnection. 1992.
568. Economides, Nicholas. Network Externalities and Invitations to Enter. 1992.
569. Economides, Nicholas. The Benefits of Franchising and Vertical Disintegration in Markets for Locationally Differentiated Products. 1992.
570. Zheng, Jiajia. Compatibility and Market Structure. 1992
572. Noam, Eli M. and John T. Wenders. Electronic Media: Freedom of Evolution or Evolution of Freedom. 1992.
573. Noam, Eli M. and John T. Wenders. Video Dialtone - Will Anyone Come to a Common Carriage. 1992.
574. Noam, Eli M., Seisuke Komatsusaki, and Douglas Conn. The Next Stage in Telecommunications Evolution: The Pluralistic Network. 1992.
575. Noam, Eli M. Private Networks and Public Objectives. 1992.
576. Noam Eli M. ISDN in Perspective. 1992.
578. Carey, John. Expressive Communication in Multi-Media Environments. 1992.
579. Carey, John. Interactive Media. 1992.
580. Carey, John. Interactive Television: A Research Agenda. 1992.
582. Noam, Eli M. Telecommunications Reform at the Periphery: Role Models or Followers? 1992.
583. Egan, Bruce L. Benefits and Costs of Public Information Networks: The Case for Narrowband ISDN. 1992.
593. Zheng, Jiajia. Telecommunications in Nepal. 1992.
594. Vural, Tolga. Telecommunications in Turkey. 1992.
596. Lehr, William. Compatibility Standards and the Internet. 1992.
605. Botein, Michael. Is AUSSAT-B on the Wrong Course? 1992.
606. Botein, Michael. U.S. Telecommunications in the World Market: Changing Policy Considerations. 1992.
607. Botein, Michael. The Competitiveness of the U.S. Telecommunications Industry. 1992.
608. Botein, Michael. Cable Regulation Bill: Boon to Broadcasters to Viewers. 1992.
* Designates a special report. Working papers are free to CITI affiliates. Academic and nonprofit rates: $10 per regular paper, $15 for special papers. All others: $30 per regular paper, special papers $100.